Introduction: Describes how band formation affects quantitative precipitation forecasts.
Climatology: Provides climatological background of banding by describing observed band types, lifetimes, movement, and location within winter storms.
Forcing Mechanisms: Reviews deformation, frontogenesis, and stability concepts, with focus on the relation between stability and the frontogenetical response.
Synoptic Context: Places frontogenetical forcing in the context of cyclone evolution, with emphasis on the discriminating synoptic and mesoscale features of banded and nonbanded precipitation systems. Conceptual models of banded and nonbanded systems will also be presented.
Forecast Strategy: Presents forecast strategy placing band formation in the context of cyclogenesis, deformation, frontogenetical forcing, and stability.
Application: Exercises forecast strategy through interactive case examples of banded and nonbanded systems.
Training Session Options
NOAA/NWS students – to begin the training, use the web-based video, YouTube video, or audio playback options below (if present for this session). Certificates of completion for NOAA/NWS employees can be obtained by accessing the session via the Commerce Learn Center
Audio playback (recommended for low-bandwidth users) – This is an audio playback version in the form of a downloadable VISITview and can be taken at anytime.
Novak, D. R., L. F. Bosart, D. Keyser, and J. S. Waldstreicher, 2002: A climatological and composite study of cold season banded precipitation in the northeast United States. Preprints 19th Conference on Weather Analysis and Forecasting. San Antonio, Amer. Meteor. Soc.http://cstar.cestm.albany.edu/preprints/novakWAF.pdf