Skip to Navigation Skip to content

Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch

Search the RAMMB website

Satellite Interpretation of Orographic Clouds


Dan Bikos

Jeff Braun








Last Updated:


Contributors: Scott Lindstrom, Scott Bachmeier, WFO ABQ, WFO FGZ, WFO BOU, WFO LOX, WFO VEF, WFO PIH and COMET



  1. Identification of various orographic clouds
  2. Satellite interpretation for various events where orography played a significant role.


  • Mountain clouds (lee-wave, cirrus, wall)
  • Severe downslope winds
  • Orographic convergence zones
  • Gap winds
  • Impact of orography on convection

Training Session Options

NOAA/NWS students – to begin the training, use the web-based video, YouTube video, or audio playback options below (if present for this session). Certificates of completion for NOAA/NWS employees can be obtained by accessing the session via the Commerce Learning Center.

  1. Audio playback (recommended for low-bandwidth users) – This is an audio playback version in the form of a downloadable VISITview and can be taken at anytime.

    Create a directory to download the audio playback file (134 MB) from the following link:

    After extracting the files into that directory click on either the visitplay.bat or visitauto.bat file to start the lesson. If both files are present, use visitauto.bat

  2. YouTube video:

References/Additional Links

This course is Basic

There are no prerequisites


Dan Bikos

Page Contact

Bernie Connell


Unless otherwise noted, all content on the CIRA RAMMB: VISIT, SHyMet and VLab webpages are released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.