Skip to Navigation Skip to content

Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch

Search the RAMMB website

Satellite Interpretation of Orographic Clouds


Dan Bikos

Jeff Braun








Last Updated:


Other contributors and help from: Scott Lindstrom, Scott Bachmeier, WFO ABQ, WFO FGZ, WFO BOU, WFO LOX, WFO VEF, WFO PIH and COMET



  1. Identification of various orographic clouds
  2. Satellite interpretation for various events where orography played a significant role.


  • Mountain clouds (lee-wave, cirrus, wall)
  • Severe downslope winds
  • Orographic convergence zones
  • Gap winds
  • Impact of orography on convection

Training Session Options

NOAA/NWS students – to begin the training, use the web-based video, YouTube video, or audio playback options below (if present for this session). Certificates of completion for NOAA/NWS employees can be obtained by accessing the session via the Commerce Learn Center

  1. Audio playback (recommended for low-bandwidth users) – This is an audio playback version in the form of a downloadable VISITview and can be taken at anytime.

    Create a directory to download the audio playback file (134 MB) from the following link:

    After extracting the files into that directory click on either the visitplay.bat or visitauto.bat file to start the lesson. If both files are present, use visitauto.bat

  2. Live VISIT teletraining (with an instructor leading the session). Check the VISIT Training Calendar to signup for teletraining. The session will last 90 minutes. This teletraining session uses the VISITview software, where a Windows PC with an Internet connection is needed. Please follow the teletraining installation instructions to install the session.
  3. YouTube video:

References/Additional Links

This course is Basic

There are no prerequisites


Dan Bikos

(970) 491-3777