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Lake-Effect Snow 2


Dan Bikos

John Weaver



Archived Training

Winter / Sat





Last Updated:



This is a more advanced session designed to build on the first VISIT Lake-Effect Snow 1 teletraining.
This training session was developed in 2002 and is now retired, however it can still be found below under the “References/Additional Links” section (see “Old version (2002)”). We retained the section on lake-aggregate effects for the current version since the principles can be readily applied today.

The topics covered will include:

  • Lake Aggregate Effects: Description of lake aggregate effects along with case studies to apply principles

Training Session Options

NOAA/NWS students – to begin the training, use the web-based video, YouTube video, or audio playback options below (if present for this session). Certificates of completion for NOAA/NWS employees can be obtained by accessing the session via the Commerce Learn Center

  1. YouTube video:

References/Additional Links

  • Old version (2002) of this training session: VISITview audio playback file
  • Mann, G.E., R.B. Wagenmaker and P.J. Sousounis, 2002: The Influence of Multiple Lake Interactions upon Lake-Effect Storms. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130,1510-1530
  • Sousounis, P.J. and J.M. Fritsch, 1994: Lake-Aggregate Mesoscale Disturbances. Part II: A Case Study of the Effects on Regional and Synoptic-Scale Weather Systems. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 75, 1793-1812
  • Wang, W., and N.L. Seaman, 1997: A Comparison Study of Convective Parameterization Schemes in a Mesoscale Model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 252-278
  • Weiss, C.C., and P.J. Sousounis, 1997: A Climatology of Collective Lake Disturbances. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, 565-574
  • A Satellite and Sounding Perspective of a 63″ Lake-Effect Snow Event
This course is Advanced

If you are not familiar with the basics of lake-effect snow please review the recorded audio version of the introductory VISIT Lake-Effect Snow 1 training session on your own.


Dan Bikos

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Bernie Connell


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