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GOES-R Project Overview

The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) series of NOAA geostationary weather satellites represents a significant advancement in earth observation over previous NOAA geostationary weather satellites.  The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) provides 5x the temporal, 4x the spatial, and 3x the spectral resolution over the previous GOES Imager. Additionally, the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) captures total lightning information across much of the hemisphere, a new capability of GOES satellites. These advancements have resulted in more timely and accurate weather forecasts and Decision Support Services for a variety of meteorological phenomena that directly affect public safety, protection of property, and economic health and development.

GOES-R, the first satellite in the GOES-R series, launched into orbit on 18 November 2016, becoming GOES-16, and ultimately the operational GOES-East satellite on 18 December 2017. The second satellite in the GOES-R series, GOES-S, launched on 01 March 2018, becoming GOES-17, and finally the operational GOES-West satellite on 12 February 2019. GOES-T and GOES-U will launch in the early-to-mid 2020s, to round out the series.  The ABI and GLM instruments will have similar capabilities across all four of the GOES-R series satellites.

For detailed information on GOES-R see the GOES-R Program Office homepage at

The follow-on program to GOES-R, Geostationary Extended Observations (GeoXO) is well into the planning stages, and will provide a continuation and expansion of GOES-R series satellite observations. More information on GeoXO can be found at: 

Example of Products Generated at CIRA/RAMMB and Applied to GOES-R

GOES-R Plains Dust Storm

DEBRA-Dust Product

GOES-R Snow Project Overview

Snow/Cloud Product

GOES-R Twincanes Smoke

Geocolor Product

Click here for a listing of the ABI bands.

GOES-R ABI Bands and Bandwidths

ABI BandCentral Wavelength (µm)Wavelength Range (µm)Band NicknameSpatial Resolution (km) @ nadir
10.470.45 – 0.49Blue VIS1
20.640.59 – 0.69Red VIS0.5
30.8650.846 – 0.885Veggie1
41.3781.371 – 1.386Cirrus2
51.611.58 – 1.64Snow/ice1
62.252.225 – 2.275Cloud Particle size2
73.903.80 – 4.00Shortwave IR Window2
86.195.77 – 6.6Upper-Level Water vapor2
96.956.75 – 7.15Mid-Level Water vapor2
107.347.24 – 7.44Low-Level Water vapor2
118.508.3 – 8.7Cloud-Top Phase2
129.619.42 – 9.8Ozone2
1310.3510.1 – 10.6Clean Longwave IR Window2
1411.2010.8 – 11.6Longwave IR Window2
1512.3011.8 – 12.8Dirty Longwave IR2
1613.3013.0 – 13.6CO22
GOES-R Imagery/Products at CIRA/RAMMB

General GOES-R Journal Articles

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