Skip to Navigation Skip to content

Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch

Search the RAMMB website

GOES-R Project Overview

The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) series of NOAA geostationary weather satellites represents a significant advancement in earth observation over previous NOAA geostationary weather satellites.  The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) provides 5x the temporal, 4x the spatial, and 3x the spectral resolution over the previous GOES Imager. Additionally, the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) captures total lightning information across much of the hemisphere, a new capability of GOES satellites. These advancements have resulted in more timely and accurate weather forecasts and Decision Support Services for a variety of meteorological phenomena that directly affect public safety, protection of property, and economic health and development.

GOES-R, the first satellite in the GOES-R series, launched into orbit on 18 November 2016, becoming GOES-16, and ultimately the operational GOES-East satellite on 18 December 2017. The second satellite in the GOES-R series, GOES-S, launched on 01 March 2018, becoming GOES-17, and finally the operational GOES-West satellite on 12 February 2019. GOES-T and GOES-U will launch in the early-to-mid 2020s, to round out the series.  The ABI and GLM instruments will have similar capabilities across all four of the GOES-R series satellites.

For detailed information on GOES-R see the GOES-R Program Office homepage at http://www.goes-r.gov/

The follow-on program to GOES-R, Geostationary Extended Observations (GeoXO) is well into the planning stages, and will provide a continuation and expansion of GOES-R series satellite observations. More information on GeoXO can be found at: https://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/GeoXO 

Examples of Products Generated at CIRA/RAMMB and Applied to GOES-R

DEBRA-Dust Product Snow/Cloud Product Geocolor Product

 

Expand All | Collapse All

GOES-R ABI Bands and Bandwidths

ABI Band

Central Wavelength (µm)

Wavelength Range (µm)

Band Nickname

Spatial Resolution (km) @ nadir

1

0.47

0.45 – 0.49

Blue VIS

1

2

0.64

0.59 – 0.69

Red VIS

0.5

3

0.865

0.846 – 0.885

Veggie

1

4

1.378

1.371 – 1.386

Cirrus

2

5

1.61

1.58 – 1.64

Snow/ice

1

6

2.25

2.225 – 2.275

Cloud Particle size

2

7

3.90

3.80 – 4.00

Shortwave IR Window

2

8

6.19

5.77 – 6.6

Upper-Level Water vapor

2

9

6.95

6.75 – 7.15

Mid-Level Water vapor

2

10

7.34

7.24 – 7.44

Low-Level Water vapor

2

11

8.50

8.3 – 8.7

Cloud-Top Phase

2

12

9.61

9.42 – 9.8

Ozone

2

13

10.35

10.1 – 10.6

Clean Longwave IR Window

2

14

11.20

10.8 – 11.6

Longwave IR Window

2

15

12.30

11.8 – 12.8

Dirty Longwave IR

2

16

13.30

13.0 – 13.6

CO2

2